Many aspects of Scottish identity are reflected in the art of the time.
In the 19th century, Scotland began to search inwardly to create new ideas about its identity.
As the Scottish Lowlands became more urbanised, the distinctiveness of Scotland came to be represented through the Highlands.
Artists and, in turn, guidebooks and travel memoirs focused on a romanticised remoteness and wild grandeur of the landscape coupled with a romantic history.
This romantic view of Scottish scenery was brought to a climax in the Victorian period by the paintings of Horatio McCulloch.