How Do You Shape Up?

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How Do You Shape Up?

Body Types
Next time you are in the gym take a look around and you will see all different body types and builds.
Did you know there was an actual scientific name for these shapes and determining what body type you are can help when deciding what training might suit you best? It’s known as your somatotype.
There are three types:
  • Endomorph
  • Mesomorph
  • Ectomorph


  • Small “delicate” frame and bone structure
  • Flat chest
  • Small shoulders
  • Thin
  • Lean muscle mass
Ectomorphs can find it very hard to gain weight. They have a fast metabolism which burns up calories very quickly. Generally, ectomorphs can lose fat very easily which makes cutting back to lean muscle easier for them.
Their light frame makes them suited for aerobic activity like gymnastics.
Smaller body surface area also enhances their suitability for endurance activity.
Their body is better at thermo regulation, important in endurance based sports.


  • Athletic
  • Hard body with well defined muscles
  • Rectangular shaped body
  • Strong
  • Gains muscle easily
The mesomorph body type responds the best to weight training. Gains are usually seen very quickly, especially for beginners. The downside to mesomorphs is they gain fat more easily than ectomorphs.
Respond well to cardiovascular and resistance training.
Dependent on the sports' needs they can easily gain or lose weight.


  • Soft and round body
  • Is generally short and “stocky”
  • Slow metabolism
When it comes to training endomorphs find it very easy to gain weight.
Size benefits sports such as rugby where bulk is useful, provided it can be moved powerfully.
Tend to have large lung capacity which can make them suited to sports such as rowing.
They can increase muscle mass much more easily than ectomorphs.


It's important to remember that this is only a very general guide and that most people actually straddle a couple of the categories rather than being just one specific type. If you want to find out what training would benefit you then speak to our Glasgow Club Gym staff who would be delighted to give you some suggestions.
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